Figure 33. Garrett, W. E. (1978) Grand Canyon. This is a well-crafted web map that perfectly blends form with function using the medium appropriately. Web Trend Map 4 http://www.informationarchitects.jp/en/web-trend-map-4-final-beta/ (accessed 19 January 2012), Shneiderman, B. 1:24,000 Quadrangle series (extract from Stow, VT 44072D6) by USGS, 1968. Type functions literally as well as to locate mapped features. Figure 37. The overlay is slightly transparent to allow the underlying base map detail to be seen for interpretation. Each of nearly 57,000 maps is bounded by two lines of latitude and longitude covering 64 square miles in southern latitudes but, due to convergence of meridians, only 49 square miles in northern latitudes. The work of Beck, Minard, Berann, Bollmann and National Geographic would rise to the top of the cartographic pile at the time of writing though frankly, tomorrow, others might be preferred. The hand-drawn approach lends itself to giving a sense that the maps are somehow more real and match their in situ use perfectly. Legend content, design and placement are important because a map can fail to communicate its message if readers cannot determine what the symbols in the map are intended to represent." What is good map design? For maps that showcase analysis or thematic data I will usually symbolize the background and any water features as white. Discover 800+ Wireframe Templates & UI Kits. Subscribe to our RSS newsletter and receive all of our articles directly in your email inbox as soon as they're published. He details the interesting and mundane and the map becomes a social commentary that invites others to create an emotional bond with the work through a shared lens. At such a scale, Washburn was able to represent the Canyon in a way never before seen and as a large format poster the map remains a classic National Geographic product for which the Washburns received the Alexander Graham Bell Medal for “unique and notable contributions to geography and cartography.” (National Geographic, 2012). The ascent maps are planimetric in the foreground and morph to become perspective in the distance showing natural features and the climb ahead along the route. Gastner, M. T. and Newman, M. E. J. The Google Maps API underpinned the democratization of online mapping to allow anyone to create geographically contextualized mashups. Subtlety is the key here. Figure 8. Figure 38. Good design is innovative. The map helps the user refine their search (five star donuts in a two block radius). Smaller type is used as a replacement for roads and view at a distance, the structure of the city emerges as the form, orientation and positioning combine to create landmarks and shapes that can be easily identified. This creates a strong structural framework for the map with connecting lines showing the strongest 80% of links. He asks “what might the locality of friendship look like between users of facebook” and takes the links between facebook user’s location and the location of their friends, plots a black-blue-white great circle arc between them and the result is a detailed map of the world. The white US country background provides a neutral landscape for the buildings to emerge from. A., Dykes. I often see posts praising BC2 and the CoD4 for "brilliant" map design while BF3 and other newer shooters are slammed for bad maps. http://www.sasi.group.shef.ac.uk/thesis/index.html (accessed 19 January 2012), Dorling, D. (1994) Cartograms for visualizing human geography. Angling in Troubled Waters: a Serio-Comic map of Europe by Fred W Rose published by GW Bacon, 1899. Visualizing friendships by Paul Butler, 2010. Not all symbols used on the map necessarily need to be included in the legend; Symbols that are intuitive, conventional, well-labeled, or unimportant may be left out with careful consideration. National Geographic. Mount Everest has been mapped extensively using a plethora of relief representations. Figure 3. Neighbouring colours were deliberately similar in hue so the map illustrated social transitions across space though strong gradients are easily seen when blacks and reds are in close proximity. Swisstopo, the official name for the Swiss Federal Office of Topography (www.swisstopo.ch) are responsible for the production of topographic maps at a range of scales and while 1:25,000 is their most detailed map, this extract of the 1:100,000 series represents a range of excellent design principles. In 1941, the Mississippi River Commission appointed Harold Fisk to undertake a geological survey of the Lower Mississippi Valley. The map shows the viewer in the 3rd person standing at the base of the map surrounded by large-scale local detail in perspective and bends to reveal the city stretched out ahead in plan view. work with large transport datasets and have been pioneers in the creation of imaginative animations showing temporal activity in transport data (http://www.itoworld.com/static/data_visualisations.html). Atlantic Ocean Floor by Heinrich Berann, 1977. Symbology is transparent, allowing overlapping symbols and base map detail to remain visible. Melway Street Atlas, first published 1966. Ingenious for its time and a style still used today to show the linearity of route networks (e.g. Instead of starting with a blank canvas, you manipulate the lens to present the data from a certain angle.”  His social graph of 500 million facebook users cleverly demonstrates this philosophy. Pearsall proofread, designed and drew the map with the help of a single draftsman. Rose makes good use of the fishing metaphor to illustrate which countries are fishing and what their catches (colonial possessions) are. Fine white outlines around only those symbols that overlap, subtle haloes and abbreviated labels at small scales which switch to full names at large scale are examples of a high attention to detail. Next thing you should consider is the look and feel of the map, whether it is historical, modern or technical and last point is the purpose of the map. The dense fabric of the city is represented at the same time as giving clarity to individual buildings. Maps with many polygons can particularly be distracting if one does not take care when plotting the polygon outlines. Rather than attempting to fit all detail on one map, Fisk let the geography drive the size and scale necessary to show detail clearly. The advert immerses you in the future, how we may use maps in cars and how important location is and will become not just for navigation but as a defining way of living. Web trend map 4 by iA Inc, 2009. Figure 31. (1992). Figure 28. •Good design makes map more effective and interpretable •Eye seeks similarity, proximity, continuity, closure •Symmetry, simplicity, balance favored •Figure—ground •Alignment, balanced layout •Follow convention, except when you want to emphasize or challenge •When in doubt, reduce complexity. The map is a great example of the power of typography in map-making and also illustrates how effective a single colour can be. Lead, kindly light: the design and production of illustrated walkers’ guides, Information Design journal, 7, 1, 47-66, Garland, K. (1994) Mr Beck’s Underground Map, Capital Transport Publishing, London. An ambitious project, the maps paint a vivid picture of the world in a way never before seen from transport to poverty, pollution to religion and every conceivable human, social, economic and environmental condition in between. Escape the map by Mercedes Benz, 2011. (Tufte, 1990). Ratti et al. You might also like to take a look some inspirational UI style guides or even some examples of web design wireframe sketches. All the other maps before are big, have lots of information and show you many different things. The use of maps and geolocation isn’t a new trend in today’s digital projects, ... here you can appreciate its full potential with our selection of 20 Inspirational Examples of Interactive Maps and Street View experiences in Web Design. The map and map related objects like the falling map pins and address (locator) are key metaphors in the story. The following maps provide examples of large scale and small scale maps. Phyllis Pearsall, a painter and writer, founded the company after discovering that the Ordnance Survey map she was following to get to a party wasn’t up to the task and she became lost. Hopefully they illuminate the concepts discussed in Field and Demaj (2012) and show how they can be expertly applied. Spatial treemaps provide an alternative way of mapping a large number of geographical units by modifying space (Shneiderman, 1992, Wood and Dykes, 2008). The Madri+d Map of Knowledge (http://www.madrimasd.org/mapa-conocimiento/) allows people to locate strategic information on the activities of companies and networks that form the Community of Madrid. Here, though, Bradford Washburn used Swissair Survey aerial photos and Space Shuttle infrared photos to plot Mount Everest at … Of course, the list can never be complete and in compiling the examples presented, we have had to reject many which might have equal merit. Don’t make it any harder than it is. The tilted viewing angle allows connections to be seen in a way that a plan view wouldn’t allow. The series was officially completed in 1992 and while The National Map (http://nationalmap.gov/ustopo/) represents a new generation of digital products the impact of the originals persists with new maps arranged in the 7.5-minute quadrangle format as well as retaining the same look and feel. The long distance curves contrast well with the shorter, almost straight, lines of local connections to create an intriguing spider-web pattern. Colours identify regions that emerge through analysis with the dark colour for London allowing lines connecting it with elsewhere to be clearly seen across lighter regions. Examples of good web maps are rare but this map by New York Times is an exception (Bloch and Gebeloff, 2009). Quite simply the map is, and continues to be revolutionary. Walter’s map is entirely hand drawn using pictorial sketches and text and instead of the known landmarks you might find on a traditional topographic map, he fills the space with a vast array of local information based on his personal knowledge, feelings and impressions of a place. This example of a multivariate cartogram by Dorling (1991, 1994) does just that. The application is in Spanish, yet non-native speakers are able to use it and have a pleasant and engaging experience. The map acts as a visual network so shared interests, ideas, publications and projects can be seen. Figure 23. The yellow land and deep grey-blue ocean floor provides a strong contrast between land, shoreline and oceans (Troyer, 2002). So no post-its, no Sharpies, no whiteboards, no mind-mapping software, just a beautiful selection of carefully crafted sitemaps. His detailed and exhaustive report contained numerous maps that illustrated the historical courses of the river, colour coded for different ages of point bar migration, chute cut-offs, and avulsions. Google Maps (and numerous complimentary products) has revolutionised the way the people view, use and make maps and how they interact with their surroundings. It has a classic style and traditional appearance and is meticulously presented. (2009). routing, traffic information, overlay of social media and photographs, zooming, panning, querying and measuring) provides an application with a multitude of purposes that goes beyond a general reference map. Crucially, the intricate design has stood the test of time and the maps are beautifully laid out, easy to read and fascinating. Heinrich Berann’s work is predominantly in the panoramic style of mapping. The beauty of the maps lies in their effectiveness at portraying the discomfort of a wholly unequal world. J. and Radburn, R. (2010b). The Mid-Atlantic Ridge and fracture zones appear so life-like with a rippling effect and intricate detail that it draws your eye in and captures your attention. Not the site design, but the actual design of the sitemap. (1855) On the Mode of Communication of Cholera. Figure 7. A great example is the … The work has drama, doesn’t overtly force the brand and follows a ‘choose your own adventure’ type plot. The Dorling cartogram creates a social landscape so circles are proportional to the population of the area they represent. However, don’t hasten to include them all into your website. The Minard map was published in 1869 on the subject of Napoleon’s disastrous Russian campaign of 1812. Animated components (flying birds, exploding trees) add to each window to use the maps in innovative ways as you become the eyes of the runner. The first animation they produced displayed, in animated form, the entire year’s worth of edits to the OpenStreetMap database. During an impressive career they were strongly supported by the National Geographic Society and many of Bradford Washburn’s maps are unrivalled in the realm of mountain cartography. The maps, marginalia and cartouches are particularly ornate and typography also includes flowing ascenders and descenders. J., Slingsby. Figure 4. Now don’t get us wrong, there’s still TONS of mapping and GIS professionals out there churning out fabulous work, just walk around the Map Gallery at the annual International ESRIUC or browse the fabulous Story Map Gallery for awesome examples! J. 10 examples of good user experience (UX) design that illustrate specific principles of good UX on websites and mobile apps by Trone Brand Energy's Laura Flugga. Immigration Explorer by Matthew Bloch and Robert Gebeloff, The New York Times, March 10th 2009. Innovative design always develops in tandem with innovative technology, and can never be an end in itself 2. Mount Everest published by the National Geographic Society, 1988. The publication was awarded the International Cartographic Association award in 1982 and the inaugural award for cartographic excellence by the Australian Institute of Cartographers. Regional boundaries defined for the purposes of administration inevitably split a country into arbitrary areas. It was a hard job to whittle down the list from over 100 examples cited so apologies if we have missed out one of your favourites! The examples are neither definitive, nor exhaustive and should act as a starting point to explore design in cartography from those who have managed to set the bar high. The map labels don’t dominate even though they add important contextual statistics. Berann also developed a trademark way of rendering cloudscapes which again, represent the sky in a way that is unlikely to be seen in the natural environment. I would argue that although GIS Professionals generally know how to create a good looking map, I would say that they also have a tendency to over-complicate web-maps, by trying to re-create a GIS desktop application on the web: Also slow to use, and hard to even get to the map. Mind Map Example 10: 60 Second Map. The Trend Setters are labeled using speech bubbles as if they are saying their name and other labeling works well to support differentiation of major trends. In the shadow of foreclosures by the New York Times, April 5th 2008. Note that in this process improvement map example there are many other details, such as deviations, initial event types, instances, users, and other information. (1955-1966). UX is key to a successful site. Large Scale Small Scale Selecting a scale for your map The map on the right is at a scale of approximately 1:50,000,000, and shows western Europe. Mylne, 1871. J., Slingsby. (1988) Mount Everest–Surveying the Third Pole. The Geographer’s Map Company was started in 1936 and is now the largest independent map publishing company in the UK (http://www.az.co.uk/). It’s an intriguing and innovative way of representing an environment that would normally be out of sight and Shulze and Webb cleverly take design cues from Google’s map (grey buildings, yellow roads, haloed text) to give the map a sense of familiarity that juxtaposes the unfamiliarity of the view. The peaks, glaciers, rocks and hydrography are particularly clear with scree slopes depicted in astonishing detail. Detail of area around the Broad Street pump, by John Snow, 1854. This is what your life, mind, work and maps should like like I think. A Showcase of Maps in Web Design. Fig. Bradford and Barbara Washburn were mountaineers, explorers and cartographers. The specification has been applied to many other geographies that the US mapped during military operations which demonstrates a high level of flexibility and versatility in the design. Data Blog at The Guardian) produce data dumps that are the antithesis of design. The map exaggerates the detailed central area and contracts the external areas. As a collection they succinctly present the complicated story of channel evolution of the river and are archived by the US Army Corps of Engineers (2004). Dorling Kindersley were one of the first to use satellite imagery linked to maps and as hybrid map/satellite image illustrations. University of Newcastle Upon Tyne. This was our outlook at the best footer design ideas and examples. Users can switch between a wide range of basemap styles for different purposes. Figure 32. As a brand, the series is instantly recognizable and successful. Created as a pair of maps of Manhattan, one looking uptown from 3rd and 7th and one looking downtown from 3rd and 35th, BERG (2009) explain how the maps are an exploration of the speculative projections of dense cities. http://www.dk.co.uk/nf/Book/BookDisplay/0,,9781405329859,00.html, http://www.itoworld.com/static/data_visualisations.html, http://www.madrimasd.org/mapa-conocimiento/, http://lmvmapping.erdc.usace.army.mil/index.htm, http://bibliodyssey.blogspot.com/2009/06/satirical-maps.html, http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/03/10/us/20090310-immigration-explorer.html, http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=469716398919, http://www.codex99.com/cartography/110.html, http://www.sasi.group.shef.ac.uk/thesis/index.html, http://somethingaboutmaps.wordpress.com/2011/04/20/on-human-cartography/, http://www.fulltable.com/vts/m/map/ogilby/mna.htm, http://www.nationalgeographic.com/explorers/bios/washburns/, http://www.nbstudio.co.uk/projects/istd-londons-kerning, http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2008/04/05/business/20080406_METRICS.html, http://www.informationarchitects.jp/en/web-trend-map-4-final-beta/, http://www.smallmeans.com/new-york-times-infographics/, http://www.lpi.usra.edu/resources/mapcatalog/usgs/I1047/150dpi.jpg, http://astrogeology.usgs.gov/Projects/PlanetaryMapping/DIGGEOL/moon/1047/lfar.htm, http://www.tfl.gov.uk/gettingaround/1106.aspx, http://www.stephenwalter.co.uk/drawings/drawa1.php. In reality only a fraction of these permutations exist, each coloured in one of 36 trivariate colours. Marginalia is well structured and complex information delivered in a succinct, well organised manner. Possibly the last example of hand drawn Swiss relief representation makes clear the most detailed and accurate map ever made of Mount Everest. Maps do not always need to be in colour to be visually stunning or effective. Vertical exaggeration is used to give a sense of the skyscrapers soaring. The Island is another satirical map which takes the view of London, UK being an isolated island floating somewhere amidst its various commuter towns (Walter, 2008). The work clearly illustrates how popular maps have become in the mass media and there are numerous references to familiar online web map services, virtual globes and their techniques (such as facial blurring on Google Street View) as well as having a sub-plot that references social media such as Twitter. OpenStreetMap: a year of edits by Ito!, 2008. Geologic map of the central far side of the Moon by Desiree E. Stuart-Alexander, 1978. (2004) Diffusion-based method for producing density equalizing maps, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 101, 7499-7504, Hodgkiss, A. G. (1973) The Bildkarten of Hermann Bollmann, Cartographica, 10, 2, 133-145, Huffman, D. (2011) On human cartography, http://somethingaboutmaps.wordpress.com/2011/04/20/on-human-cartography/ [last accessed January 10th 2012], Imhof, E. (1962) Schweizerischer Mittelschulatlas, 13th ed. Walter uses a large format (101 x 153cm) to give himself enough space to contain the intricate detail and builds visual hierarchy in the map through the density of ink. Bollmann, a woodcarver and engraver, drew this spectacularly detailed map by hand from 50,000 ground and 17,000 aerial photographs to allow readers to view all parts of the map at the same scale (Hodgkiss, 1973). The map page is complemented by two traditional but expertly constructed choropleths and the overall page maintains a clean fresh appearance with excellent visual balance. Finally, the aesthetics of the map are not appealing and do not have a color harmony that appeals to the viewer's eye. Now in its 39th edition (http://www.melway.com.au/), the map was created in response to shortcomings in available directories at the time. The axonometric gridlines define street level with all subways positioned below the gridded surface. Berann skillfully combined blue-greys to create a topologicallly accurate, though hugely exaggerated, picture of the ocean floor that leads readers to want to explore. Maintain the style: choose bootstrap/WordPress footer template or create custom one from scratch, matching the colors and styles with the website. The map is in two versions, one that includes geological notation and grids and a version without (Stuart-Alexander, 1978a, 1978b). The home page depicts a subtle line style map skillfully painted in bright colors that looks delicate and exquisite. The schematic flow approach of this statistical graphic, which is also a map, displays 6 separate variables in a single two-dimensional image: geography, time, temperature, the course and direction of the army’s movement, and the number of troops remaining. The colour palette is extraordinarily vivid and works well against pure black. Maps with highly s… Rose’s pictorial illustration depicts the threat posed to British interests by Russian territorial ambitions during the Balkan crisis in late Imperial Europe. Blue contours sit well in the overall design and take on the appearance of layers of ice. This familiarity with ubiquitous mapping and social media tools means the advertisement hooks us into a familiar world to tell its futuristic story. 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J by engineering draughtsman Harry Beck in 1931 and first published their Millennium world atlas 1999. Define street level means the advertisement hooks us into a familiar world to tell its futuristic.... Allow anyone to create geographically contextualized mashups representing a less celebrated space to form full... Wood and textures help immerse readers in the vast amount of information an! Overall impact as well as to locate mapped features UI Kits, Icon,... With smaller fonts representing a less celebrated space River has been described as one of the country could been... Blue contours sit well in the direction of travel regardless of the exaggerates... Only names of locations, streets or places it an unmistakable style and... Viewing angle allows connections to create a flickering movie coloured according to a line suits! We have deliberately avoided a ‘ choose your own adventure ’ type plot a soft, photo-realistic feel that visual., thin, solid black lines delineate the state lines successful and display! Rare but this map by New York Times, April 5th 2008 convention of the overlaying symbol user. Pitfalls for designers Descriptive of London Poverty, by Charles Minard, 1869 for its accuracy, and. Instance, secondary roads widen at particular scales when you overlay traffic information to show the linearity of networks! A local scale, globally satellite imagery linked to maps and get driving in... Star donuts in a single symbol identified individuals for impact with multiple deaths being seen as a,! Is, and a great example of a set published by the Australian Institute of cartographers and proportional symbol perfectly. You might also like to see examples of bad design alongside counter-examples of good web maps are rich in and. 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