The army was not given instructions on how to react in case of resistance. Ives' party steamed up the Colorado River with frequent contact with Mojave and other natives who traded with them and were allowed to board their vessel. April 12, 1858: The U.S. Army and Cumming arrive in Salt Lake City. The federal government remained stalemated and little could be done. Historian Norman Furniss relates that although some of these appointees were basically honest and well-meaning, many were highly prejudiced against the Mormons even before they arrived in the territory, were woefully unqualified for their positions, and some were down-right reprobate. Settlers living near the 7,000 troops quartered in Cedar Valley did sell the troops lumber for building construction, farm produce and manufactured goods. The war resulted in a number of clashes and deaths. Other articles where Utah War is discussed: Salt Lake City: History: officials led to the so-called Utah War of 1857–58, when General Albert Sidney Johnston’s troops marched through the city to establish Camp Floyd west of Utah Lake. Cumming was courteously received by Young and the Utah citizenry in mid-April, and was shortly installed in his new office. ), Diary of Brigham Young, 80 n. 80. The Nauvoo Legion finally made contact with federal troops in late September just west of South Pass. These were meant to accompany Alfred Cumming whom Buchanan had selected to replace Mormon Church President Brigham Young … This event was later called the Mountain Meadows massacre and the motives behind the incident remain a mystery. Had there been transcontinental telegraphic communications at the time, what has been referred to as “Buchanan’s Blunder” almost certainly would not have occurred. He reached Salt Lake City late in February, via Panama and California, and found the Mormon leadership ready for peace but doubtful about its feasibility. July 24, 1847: Mormon Pioneers found Salt Lake City as the first city of the, April 1857: Troops are mobilized for the Utah campaign (, July 5, 1857: Brigham Young refers in a sermon to "rumors" that the U.S. is sending 1,500 to 2,000 troops into the Utah Territory, and warns them, possibly sarcastically, that if people enter the territory and don't "behave themselves", they will be subject to a "Vigilance Committee", and the, July 13, 1857: President Buchanan appoints, July 23, 1857: Rockwell and Smoot arrive in Salt Lake City and inform, August 2, 1857: Brigham Young publicly discusses the possible secession of the Mormon theocracy from the, August 5, 1857: Brigham Young declares martial law (. 128 Winter 2000/01. Units of the 82nd and 101st airborne divisions were air … A few days later, three large Army supply trains that were trailing the main army detachments were burned by Mormon cavalry led by Lot Smith. In the aftermath of the Utah War, Republicans won control of the House of Representatives in 1858. [42] Few if any shots were fired in these exchanges, and the Army's lack of cavalry left them more or less open to Mormon raids. Jacob Hamblin, famed Mormon missionary of the Southwest, whose activities including establishing and maintaining Mórmon-Indian alliances along the Colorado, set out in March with three other companions from Las Vegas to learn more about Ives's intentions. He met with Brigham Young on September 1, 1857 along with other Native leaders. Thus, in mid-August, militia Colonel Robert T. Burton and a reconnaissance unit were sent east from Salt Lake City with orders to observe the oncoming American regiments and protect LDS emigrants traveling on the Mormon trail. 1857-1858 The battles began miles ahead of the army's arrival in SLC . J Keith Melville, Theory and Practice of Church and State During the Brigham Young Era at 47–48. Fortunately, the near isolation of Camp Floyd kept interaction to a minimum, as troops stayed on or near their base. In addition to dealing with the question of slavery in the regions acquired from Mexico as a result of the Mexican War, the measures created the territories of New Mexico (now New Mexico and Arizona) and Utah. It was also rumored in Washington that Mormons might try to retreat down the Colorado River and into Sonora. Young announced the approach of the army to a large group of Latter-day Saints gathered in Big Cottonwood Canyon for Pioneer Day celebrations on July 24, 1857. 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