The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) and the Basic Needs Approach (BNA) make up the theoretical framework that is going to underpin this study. endstream H��WMs�6����GrK�$���\�Zv��XU�8�����h�� � Wο���/I�-[���! endobj 10 0 obj It is always advised to maintain a Potential sustainable livelihood outcomes including more income, increased well being, reduced vulnerability, improved food security and more sustainable used of natural resources. This framework provides guiding action to address and overcome poverty to become self-reliant, placing the rural poor at the center of inter-related influences that affect their creativity of livelihood for themselves and their households, by identifying constraints and opportunities. Household assets and capabilities are the basic components of. The concept of Sustainable Livelihood (SL) is an attempt to go beyond the conventional definitions and approaches to poverty eradication. endstream The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. Enabling the poor household to overcome their poverty, development projects so that they can reduce vulnerability by strengthening at community and household levels. ���\+ukm�$�E�gyey���;�1��xK�}.�M|��psnx����ho?��>��ܺ%c���.+v�.���jOQ|��)L�Jݔ��>��$�f0�P���%�NԬV� y�Z������-="y�� �Hr؊�b[DI� �A���L��,�i�8������z����нa��k�~ �>�u�l����m�c-�g.�Vۯ������^��DS1��[*ܤA�� �@��nă�>�������O�g������0U��j\��'b�8� �N�,v-�* e?����%�)�7�ۘ��z֊VvL����m��A��N. {�� ���)���V���6i@�������v��� ��t�J[�[@�Y"�0�V�I-^�%��b:\�gn �#=������B��Ȧf�V�(J����0����M�hz���ԢA�Z� �踕��C�4�-�N�P�}-+n�6$�9��%������*1ƙ#T˦AnXN4Ԋ,�>W���\�]^���P���j�j�S�0��IhԨ The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework IFAD SL Workshop. AN IFAD SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS FRAMEWORK by Julian Hamilton-Peach and Philip TownsleyPolicy conclusionsWhile the diagrammatic representation of the SL framework is by no means the most importantelement in the SL Approach, it plays an important role as a “point of first entry” for developmentpractitioners being exposed to the approach for the first time. >> The Sustainable Rural Livelihood Approach was considered to be the most promising of the various options. Sustainable livelihood can be achieved by training men and women in different fields to use, maintain and apply their skills on specific area and reduction in poverty. participatory methodology and adapting DFID's sustainable livelihoods framework, the research will identify how AIDS-affected young people are incorporated into (or excluded from) current household livelihood strategies, the processes and practices that shape their access to livelihood opportunities, now and in the future, and how they make decisions about livelihoods. A short summary of this paper. << ?䏬��%u�9�\���W�ns�ph���d��/�h^�����H��÷�^��{ /Filter /FlateDecode 9 Tips On How To Choose The Best School For Your Child. stream >> H�|U]o�6}��p��fEʖ�Gwq�nIS�Άb�#QQUHj���. It helps to grow a strong foundation by. Sustainable livelihood framework is a tool for understanding how household livelihood system interacting with the outside environment. access to land, water, grazing, fishing, forests, wild products and biodiversity. 1: Understand the changing combinations of modes of livelihood in a dynamic and historical context. livestock, equipment, vehicles, houses and irrigation pumps. 2 0 obj DFID adapts a version of Chambers Conway’s definition of livelihoods: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. ħ����j�s�'�?.�o7��RǷf�?�� 0 ��!� Includes income, saving, debt, jewellery, insurance and credit. >> Indeed, sustainable livelihood, as a core concept, is conceived in the framework as exogenous, albeit implicitly. /Font << Source: Author's own. The household evaluation framework is based on the concept of Sustainable Livelihoods (SL), which dates back to the work of Robert Chambers in the mid-‘80s 1.Since then, numerous development agencies have adopted concepts related to livelihood and have carried out various actions to link it to the effects of development projects focusing on action against poverty. ���w3Q0TI��24�30Q0 B���H��R��R��\!$���@!��=�P!��I��\F�!Y�\�@� �"� Here are components of sustainable livelihood to enhance better living and reduced poverty. endobj Livelihoods assets Financial Capital Natural Capital Social Capital Physical Capital Human Capital The Poor Slide 2 IFAD SL Workshop Sustainable Livelihoods Framework 4. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. Vulnerability Context Shocks Seasonality Trends Ch anges Policies Institutions Processes Livelihood Strategies Slide 16 Sustainable Livelihoods Framework . : Understand the changing combinations of modes of livelihood in a dynamic and historical context. The main objective of sustainable livelihood approach is a method of analysing and changing the lives of people experiencing poverty to improve their lives. /GS1 6 0 R There are different types of livelihood which broadly includes, 1: Natural capital: shows importance to household members, active labour, education, knowledge and skills. Following the backdrop of the sustainable livelihood framework, this study connected the livelihood index of five villages, as determined by the index of capital types, to a corresponding SES, and further explored the relationship between these livelihood conditions and the … How to Get your Associate of Science in Homeland Security, Disability Courses to work with the most Special People, What You Should Know if You’re Considering a Career in Programming. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op- portunities and shows how they relate to one another. << Sustainable livelihood innovation development framework. >> >> << The objective and Importance of sustainable livelihood framework is to increase people control of their natural resources, build reliable and fair access to food. H�r Outcomes of sustainable livelihood framework: Following these sustainable Livelihood framework strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. Also, migration and remittance, pension, grants and short term versus long term outcomes some of which may complete. The focus was on the factors that are most relevant to the farmer’s livelihoods and the relationship between these factors. Household assets and capabilities are the basic components of sustainable livelihood. Brief introduction to SL. Sustainable livelihood can be achieved by training men and women in different fields to use, maintain and apply their skills on specific area and reduction in poverty. The SLF was integrated in its program for development cooperation in 1997. strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. The sustainable livelihood framework appreciates the contexts and relationships that exist and thus influence and shape communities and households. %PDF-1.2 /F3 4 0 R A central notion is that different households have differ- ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. /Length 83 Looking To Kickstart Your Career As An Author? : Acknowledging the need to move beyond narrow spectral perspective and emphasizes seeing the linkages between sectors. /ExtGState << Also, migration and remittance, pension, grants and short term versus long term outcomes some of which may complete. Sustainable livelihood framework is a tool for understanding how household livelihood system interacting with the outside environment. 64 Pages. 4: Financial Capital: Includes income, saving, debt, jewellery, insurance and credit. 184 C. Nyamwena-Mukonza taking place and how best they can improve the livelihood Stankiewicz (1991) defined TIS as, ‘a dynamic network system of the participant. A livelihood is to be sustainable as it comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. 6: Household variables and public capital. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text ] /Filter /FlateDecode >> Strategies may include subsistence production or production for the market, participation in labour marketsor l… Download with Google Download with Facebook. 3: Human capital: access to land, water, grazing, fishing, forests, wild products and biodiversity. The sustainable livelihood framework is suitable for this study, the reason being that , analyses of livelihoods using this framework are usually done on entire households. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human … These constraints and opportunities are shaped by numerous factors, ranging from global or national level trends and structures over which individuals have no control, and may not even be … t�~��������g�����+Σ8c1��Wi�Dٞ��hW�×ׯb� ������ݡ��_� A livelihood is said to be sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks to maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future. Sustainable livelihoods: Lessons from early experience. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from the stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base (Chambers & Conway). For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. >> %���� It can be used in both planning new development activities and assessing the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities. << Are You Prepared for the Real Estate Agent License Course. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text ] The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. Here Is What You Should Know, Packing Up for Campus Living: A few Do’s and Don’ts. << Most importantly empower the extreme poor through increasing the knowledge, skills and resources they need. Recommended Relevance … A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. /Filter /FlateDecode to enhance better living and reduced poverty. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. /Length 2319 9 0 obj The objective and Importance of sustainable livelihood framework is to increase people control of their natural resources, build reliable and fair access to food. Why Is NCERT The Best Reference For CBSE? Decisions on sustainable livelihood strategies may invoke natural resources based, non natural resources based and off farm activities. One has a narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. 3 0 obj Central to a broad policy framework that supports sustainable livelihoods are: an investment in people and the environment as well as in physical capital; explicit recognition that women’s empowerment is central to the achievement Figure 2.9 – The Sustainable Livelihood model in the DFID Guidelines (DFID 1999, figure 1, p.1) Figure 2.10 – The dynamic nature of assets in a modern development economics scenario (Sayer and Campbell 2001, figure 10, p.218) >> Most importantly empower the extreme poor through increasing the knowledge, skills and resources they need. The Sustainable Livelihoods framework was adapted from a model developed by the UK’s Department for International Development, and adjusted for use in Canada. 7.2.1 The Basic Needs Approach /Length 939 The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration). �9M��7�/������=��g˒kȋ�dy$��jQ���E]*�Wb��xb���X. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration). It also helps to formulate development activities that are people centred, Responsive and participatory, Multilevel, dynamic and sustainable. A specific livelihoods framework and objectives have been developed to assist with implementation, It is a holistic, asset-based framework for understanding poverty and the work of poverty reduction. Create a free account to download. 4: Calls for investigation of the relationships between different activities that constitute livelihood and draws attention to social relations. The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood Framework’ (SLF) which is one of the most widely used livelihoods frameworks in development practice. This paper. It must be made appropriate to local circumstances and local priorities. About PowerShow.com Recommended. while the framework maintains ‚sustainability™ as a focal concept in the evaluation of household livelihood outcomes, the mechanism underlying such development path is not explicitly provided. is a tool for understanding how household livelihood system interacting with the outside environment. 2.6 The Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Framework (1998) 9 2.7 Natural Resources Department’s SLA initiative 10 2.8 Inter-agency working 12 2.9 Late 1990s research connecting the macro and micro 12 2.10 The 2000 White Paper 13 3 The Key Research/Policy/Practice Interactions … The sustainable livelihoods framework presents the main factors that affect people’s livelihoods, and typical relationships between these. /F5 5 0 R endobj There are different types of livelihood which broadly includes, shows importance to household members, active labour, education, knowledge and skills. Here are components of. or. stream /F4 11 0 R : Explicitly advocates a creative tension between different levels of analysis and emphasizes the importance of macro and micro linkages. Strength of Sustainable livelihoods framework: The sustainable livelihood approach is only one way of organizing the complex issue that surround poverty of people. What Happens After a Student Gets Admission to a University? Sustainable livelihoods: Putting people at the centre of development The livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope and priorities for development. 5: Social capital: includes group membership, social political voice and influence. 3: Acknowledging the need to move beyond narrow spectral perspective and emphasizes seeing the linkages between sectors. : Calls for investigation of the relationships between different activities that constitute livelihood and draws attention to social relations. Decisions on sustainable livelihood strategies may invoke natural resources based, non natural resources based and off farm activities. ����Q�n�+�ZV3hG?�+����$�B�����ܳ�t�E&m��b]F�è�(�3�R?�֋XE��i_\H�stͩ�~�ݕ���yi�����ߵ 6!zt���h����է6�gp)�W$7�����gT�8��s0^ы�S������c��.|a0^��W����)���P�����S3r�`�Q����}| �����2̀�ߺn4��?ꀬȧp���YK��G.�������QǚMݒ\?��I���s�U���b�� Enabling the poor household to overcome their poverty, development projects so that they can reduce vulnerability by strengthening at community and household levels. A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, … The objective and Importance of sustainable livelihood framework is to increase people control of their natural resources, build reliable and fair access to food. Sustainable livelihood emerges at the intersection of development and environmental studies to offer a new way to think about work, especially the work of vulnerable populations (e.g., low income population living in the bottom of the pyramid, indigenous communities, etc. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. >> A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) concept and framework adopted by DFID in the late 1990s (building on work by IDS, IISD, Oxfam and others) have been adapted by different organisations to suit a variety of contexts, issues, priorities and applications. Download Full PDF Package. 2: Explicitly advocates a creative tension between different levels of analysis and emphasizes the importance of macro and micro linkages. 2: Physical capital: livestock, equipment, vehicles, houses and irrigation pumps. Source: Adapted from Scones, 1998. /Font << /ExtGState << Copyright 2017 EducationalStar.com / All Rights Reserved. R Antonio Riveros. /W�Q���߯��L�����c:/�O��w[�=�6wp�#�o������>���+&$�"g0g$_b�� I$�2a7p���o�x���;�|��}�#Z�D$F�9Η��;B]���oR���A��� �7��;(]�Ej,�+(Y��\�ȢU l��%��y�*-�z�� H�W0�%)'Z���r Sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) framework. /GS1 6 0 R The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. It is always advised to maintain a Potential sustainable livelihood outcomes including more income, increased well being, reduced vulnerability, improved food security and more sustainable used of natural resources. 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